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Theodore of Studios

THEODORE of Studios, St (or ‘St Theodore of the Studium’). b. 759; d. 11 November 826. Born on the family estate on the Sea of Marmora, Theodore entered the monastery of Sakkoudion in Bithynia in 781, became a priest in 784 or 787, and abbot of Sakkoudion in 794. After an Arab raid in 799, he and his monks fled to Constantinople, and he became abbot of Studios. His pro-icon stance led to his being exiled on several occasions, and he died in exile on the island of Chalcis. He wrote many letters, and his monastic reforms laid the foundations of the Studite movement of Byzantine monasticism. As a hymnographer St Theodore is particularly notable for being (together with his brother, Joseph of...

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