William II, Duke of Saxe-Weimar

WILLIAM II, Duke of Saxe-Weimar (by another reckoning, Wilhelm IV). b. Altenburg, 11 April 1598; d. Weimar, 17 May 1662. Born at Altenburg Castle, he studied music, mathematics, geometry and architecture at the University of Jena. He was engaged in the Thirty Years’ War, allied with Frederick V of the Palatinate against the Catholic League. He fought at the battle of Weisse Berg (the White Mountain, 1620), in which the Protestants were defeated; and he was taken prisoner after the battle of Stadtlohn (1623). He was released in 1625 and became ruler of Weimar: he came to terms with the Catholics at the Peace of Prague (1635). After the Peace of Westphalia that ended the war (1648) he devoted...

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