We three kings of Orient are

We three kings of Orient are. John Henry Hopkins, Jr.* (1820-1891). The hymn was composed as a surprise Christmas gift to Hopkins’s nieces and nephews. It was published as Three kings of Orient. A Christmas Carol (New York, 1865), and in Hopkins’s Carols, Hymns, and Songs (New York, 1865). It was frequently reprinted as a separate carol, and became very popular on both sides of the Atlantic. In Britain it was included in H.R. Bramley* and John Stainer*’s Christmas Carols New and Old (1871). It is suitable for Epiphany, but has been frequently sung at Christmas. The author provided these performance suggestions: ‘Each of verses 2, 3, and 4, is sung as a solo [Kings: Gaspard, Melchior and...

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