AQUINAS, Thomas (St). b. ca. 1224/5; d. 7 March 1274. Born to a southern Italian noble family, Thomas Aquinas studied at the University of Naples before becoming a Dominican friar in the early 1240s, against the wishes of his family. He studied with Albertus Magnus at Cologne (probably arriving late in 1244) and accompanied Albertus to the University of Paris (1245-48), subseqently returning with him to Cologne. He began to teach in Paris in 1252, and travelled widely in the remainder of his life. Aquinas is widely regarded as the greatest theologian of his age, writing scriptural and philosophical commentaries: his Summa Theologica was for centuries the standard theological textbook. He...
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