Social Gospel hymnody, USA
The ‘Social Gospel’ is a North American Christian movement, with roots in the Third Great Awakening (See Great Awakenings, USA*), which flourished from about 1890 to 1940, most prominently in the early 1900s. The main idea of the movement was application of Christian principles to bring about the transformation of society. At the end of the 19th century, mainline Protestant theology viewed individuals as fallen and in need of redemption; the Social Gospel extended this view to apply to society. Proponents of the movement believed that they could (and should) work to bring about a new social order, the ‘kingdom of God’ realized, by eliminating problems such as poverty, child labor, and...
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