Ralph Vaughan Williams

VAUGHAN WILLIAMS, Ralph. b. Down Ampney, Gloucestershire, 12 October 1872; d. London, 26 August 1958. His father was vicar of Down Ampney, but he was raised at his mother’s family home at Leith Hill, Surrey, after his father’s death in 1875. He was educated at Charterhouse and Trinity College, Cambridge, where he read history (MusB 1894; BA 1895), and then at the Royal College of Music, where he studied composition with Charles Wood*, Hubert Parry* and Charles Villiers Stanford*. The foremost English composer of his generation, he also worked as a free-lance writer, educator and conductor to promote a nationalist agenda of English musical reform. Seeking to liberate native music-making from...

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