SCHAFF, Philip. b. Chur, Switzerland, 1 January 1819; d. New York, 20 October 1893. He was an illegitimate child from a poor family. His father died before Philip was one year old, and he had a disturbed and unhappy childhood in an orphanage from which he was rescued by a local minister, who arranged for the clever child to be educated at a Lutheran school at Kornthal, Württemberg, and then at the Gymnasium at Stuttgart, and at the Universities of Tübingen, Halle, and Berlin. After working as a private tutor to a nobleman on the Grand Tour and as a lecturer at Berlin, he moved to the USA in 1844, to a post at the German Reformed Theological Seminary at Mercersburg, Pennsylvania. This began...
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