John Ambrose Lloyd

LLOYD, John Ambrose. b. Mold, North Wales, 14 June 1815; d. Liverpool, 14 November 1874. John Lloyd (he took the name Ambrose later) received a good education at Mold in Welsh, English and music. He moved in 1830 with his elder brother to Liverpool, where he was a commercial traveller and a distinguished amateur musician. In 1841 he took charge of the music at the newly founded Chapel Salem, Brownlow. There he founded a choir and taught the members to read music, using an early form of Tonic Sol-fa*. He was dissatisfied with the hymn tunes being used and began to collect tunes for use by his singers. He had composed his first tune WYDDGRUG when he was fifteen, and started composition in...

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