RÜCKERT, Friedrich. b. Schweinfurt, Bavaria, 16 May 1788; d. Neuses, near Coburg, 31 January 1866. The son of a lawyer, his university education was interrupted by the Napoleonic wars and by his own ill-health. Instead of the University of Jena, which he had hoped to enter, he studied at Würzburg (1805-08) and Heidelberg (1808-09), returning to Jena to do a doctorate in philology and intending to pursue an academic career: he lectured there for a short time, then became a journalist on the Stuttgarter Morgenblatt (1816) before visiting Italy (1817). On his return from Italy in 1818 he visited Vienna, where he was inspired by a friend to take up the study of oriental languages. He returned...
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