In Luke 2:14, the angels welcomed the birth of Jesus with a hymn, ‘Glory to God in the highest, and on earth peace, goodwill towards men’. This was the starting point for one of the oldest Greek hymns, ‘Doxa en ipsistis theo’. This morning hymn of praise to the Trinity appears as the last of 14 Odes at the end of the Psalms in the Alexandrine Codex, copied in 5th-century Egypt (London, BL Royal I.D.VII), as well as in various other 5th- and 6th-century sources, mostly Egyptian. This version of the hymn is the basis of that found in the Byzantine Orthros (Morning Office) from the 6th century onwards. It is also the basis of the Greek Gloria found occasionally in the...
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